Express Entry

Express Entry is used to manage applications for permanent residence under the federal economic immigration programs

Express Entry

Economic Class refers to skilled workers and professionals who are interested in immigrating to Canada. Most Economic Class candidates will need to apply under the new Express Entry system, launched January 1, 2015.

Express Entry detail

Express Entry (EE)

The EE system is a three stage active immigration process whereby interested applicants will first submit an EE form online. Second, CIC then assesses these potential applicants against specific eligibility criteria. Potential applicants who are deemed to have met the eligibility criteria are entered into a pool of candidates. Third, those candidates whose profiles and attributes align with the identified needs of the government, as well as, it seems, of certain Canadian employers, will be issued an “invitation to apply” (ITA). Only those candidates who receive invitations can then proceed to apply for permanent residence.

Candidates are required to complete an online EE profile outlining:

  • skills work experience
  • language ability
  • education and
  • other details that will help in assessing eligibility

Comprehensive Ranking System

The applicants who registered online will be ranked one against the other based on the “Comprehensive Ranking System” (CRS) on the factors mentioned above. Applicants that have a job offer or have a provincial nomination will receive additional points. All applicants in the EE pool will be granted points (maximum of 1200) that take into consideration the following factors:

  • Skills and work experience (up to 500 points)
  • Spouse or common-law partner factors (such as their language skills and education -up to 40 additional points but still a maximum of only 500 points)
  • Skills transferability (including education and work experience that, when combined, result in better chances of being employed, and higher earnings – up to 100 points)
  • Additional 600 points for those with a nomination from a province or territory or a valid job offer

For a principal applicant the point allocations break down as:


Although an applicant can collect points for a spouse/partner, the additional points do not exceed what an applicant can score on his/her own:


The Need for Labour Market Impact Assessment Applications (LMIA)

Any candidate without a job offer supported by a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), or a nomination from a province or territory, must register with Employment and Social Development Canada’s (ESDC) Job Bank. Applicants are required / encouraged to promote themselves on the Job Bank as well as in any other way, i.e. recruiters, job boards, etc. Job Bank advertising will help connect EE applicants with eligible employers in Canada. The LMIA process is no different under the EE regime as the focus remains upon ensuring employers made efforts to hire Canadians for the available positions.

Express Entry Draws & ITA

After ranking CIC will organize “draws” and invite selected candidates to submit a full, complete application for permanent residency (ITA). The draws will be made randomly based upon Inventory.

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